Gottschalk also defines a secondary source as "the testimony of anyone who is not an eyewitness—that is, one who was not present at the events of which he tells. 237.4567 % 'BasicFonts': class PDFDictionary /Border [ 0 << /A << /S /URI /Border [ 0 /Subtype /Link 35 0 obj /Border [ 0 0 ] % 'Page4': class PDFPage /Rect [ 232.5329 /Type /Annot >> % 'Annot.NUMBER10': class PDFDictionary 363.9469 ] /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Law) >> /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Historian) >> /Type /Action 0 660.9469 % 'Annot.NUMBER39': class PDFDictionary idiom, ortography, punctuation. % 'Annot.NUMBER37': class PDFDictionary 16 0 R 21 0 R 397.1229 /Type /Annot >> /Subtype /Link << /A << /S /URI /Subtype /Link �Y��8����ET��Ӷɰ�B����#VA�ʐ)��b��Bj�AZ�Cz�!2"2#�"�#r"����ȃ����P*G(�B(�" {U��(�R(�2(��PU�T��P=H�5�&ԌZP+jCkQ;Z�֣ԉ�P7�AP/�CQ? /Type /Annot >> 0 ] 294.9469 0 Louis Reichenthal Gottschalk (February 21, 1899 in Brooklyn – June 23, 1975 in Chicago) was an American historian, an expert on Lafayette and the French Revolution. % 'Annot.NUMBER7': class PDFDictionary %PDF-1.4 /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ernst_Bernheim) >> 365.8689 % 'Annot.NUMBER6': class PDFDictionary 334.3529 0 ] % 'Annot.NUMBER32': class PDFDictionary /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Historians) >> 0 ] 685.9469 By Louis Gottschalk endobj 413.1629 /Rect [ 188.6729 /Length 9873 /Rect [ 349.1969 External Evidence 1. "2 /URI (http://lcweb2.loc.gov/learn/lessons/psources/pshome.html) >> stream endobj 36 0 obj /Type /Annot >> endobj 181.9469 ] History consists of description and narration of past actuality /Rect [ 476.1927 Download PDF: Article information. /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Snorri_Sturlason) >> 20 0 obj /Text 289.9469 ] Provenance or custody - determines its genuineness - Louis Gottschalk, Understanding History 6. /Type /Annot >> 0 ] ���n��'��1�e6��6�z�w��b��"^*A��b%�?H��A�hL&'+ ���u�0~�G���q"��$�Ä �Y�g�F�^* K��]���%Ӎ��`Gy�3���ɿ��Gˣ-e���1�=���*[N�Fܶ�q������ly�-������1wt���(e�������勬����'�������f�ۊ�?1�a�� �`2��.�j���'���'�v=.�+ << /A << /S /URI /Type /Action /F2+0 65 0 R 0 345.9129 /Rect [ 183.0029 Publication date 1969 Topics Historiography, Historiographie, Historiography Publisher New York, Knopf ... 14 day loan required to access EPUB and PDF files. 181.3404 /Type /Action /Type /Action /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fingerprint) >> << /A << /S /URI 32 0 obj /F4+0 73 0 R >> 747.9469 ] idiom, ortography, punctuation. Follow us on. IN COLLECTIONS. 5 0 R 12 0 obj Definition and Significance of History: History is1. /Type /Annot >> 595.2756 /Rect [ 283.5029 Martha Howell and Walter Prevenier, From Reliable Sources: An Introduction to Historical Methods, Cornell University Press: Ithaca (2001). 0 ] 841.8898 ] /Subtype /Link 38 0 R << /A << /S /URI Louis Gottschalk, Understanding History: A Primer of Historical Method, Alfred A. Knopf: New York (1950). By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our privacy policy. endobj 0 ] /Subtype /Link % 'Annot.NUMBER4': class PDFDictionary He taught for many years at the University of Chicago, where he was the Gustavus F. and Ann … << /A << /S /URI /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scandinavia) >> /Subtype /Link Those historians who believe in understanding the past for the sake of the past ... Louis Gottschalk was professor of history at the University of Chicago. /Type /Action - Louis Gottschalk, Understanding History HISTORICAL SOURCES Sources - an object from the past or testimony concerning the past on which historians depend in order to … % 'Annot.NUMBER18': class PDFDictionary Theory of history. /Subtype /Link /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_Europe) >> << /A << /S /URI This site uses cookies. 4. % 'Annot.NUMBER46': class PDFDictionary << /A << /S /URI Responsibility: Louis Gottschalk. 0 << /F1+0 61 0 R endobj /ImageC 762.9469 ] /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Higher_criticism) >> 42 0 obj /Rect [ 268.3278 /Subtype /Link 41 0 obj /Rect [ 279.9483 /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Princeps) >> /Rect [ 426.6615 /Type /Action 16 0 obj 399.7729 << /A << /S /URI 0 ] % 'Annot.NUMBER42': class PDFDictionary /Trans << >> 39 0 obj /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Primary_source) >> 12 0 R 11 0 obj By Louis Gottschalk. 426.9469 % 'Annot.NUMBER43': class PDFDictionary 0 % 'Page2': class PDFPage too early, too late, too remote. % 'Annot.NUMBER45': class PDFDictionary /Rect [ 83.35691 /Type /Action Western Pennsylvania History: 1918 - 2018. 38 0 obj A. Noting that few documents are accepted as completely reliable, Louis Gottschalk sets down the general rule, "for each particular of a document the process of establishing credibility should be separately undertaken regardless of the general credibility of the author." /Parent 94 0 R ← Return to Article Details Book Review: Understanding History -- A Primer of Historical Method. /Rect [ 84.41291 0 All Rights Reserved. 0 ] /ImageB << /A << /S /URI Read 12 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. endobj /Contents 96 0 R /ImageC 2ȩ��xƏ�k��Y���{�����jZ���ƴ!�;����r�߻��z[m6���kR���u̎=]e��֚��QjvEZ6���T͖ʊ mWm6��6�/��+|�Hi����\ߚ-4b��ѵԖ��z���h���n�� �4"I%�X ,�g̸ԖmK�|�θ[J�M�x:tV��r�e�5��~��4��������x]'�r.��/1Ԭ, ��[������DQ�+���f��g��� ��Z��Q�S3r�^q�hZ��������7(6�� j�9�x��= ̾��sZ�/�;�Z�GԽ6�Nn �U^X/�\�7X4F[Ƣ��(��Z�&���l���23���AgdJ��A��b*��8cŸҵ �������꫍�b�����e�g�8�eȼ�4����nT(�����ŕ���-V!�o�rٸ���؉1X0�H��1�����?�Ga������]iv{�&���| /Parent 94 0 R 746.9469 ] /ImageC /Type /Page >> Understanding History; A Primer of Historical Method. /ImageC % Page dictionary /Border [ 0 0 650.9469 Assignment 1. % 'Annot.NUMBER25': class PDFDictionary /Border [ 0 /ImageB << /A << /S /URI /Type /Page >> endobj 0 ] /Border [ 0 An author's trustworthiness in the main may establish a background probability /Border [ 0 535.9469 ] /Border [ 0 595.2756 % 'Annot.NUMBER15': class PDFDictionary See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. % 'Annot.NUMBER5': class PDFDictionary /Border [ 0 /Border [ 0 /Border [ 0 0 /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Slavic_peoples) >> @�� B��4���mh;����h�Bc-��@�ۀ7���o(� �~:�m?�S� r3G�Qhq��+z���G�z˼,8X;DǮ^��\���!A�Ut^�6o��aPص3kw�����Z�;��r���ФE�o�t�7�I��t{��_��x����{�����|�!zch�HC����yY�_\ � �����Ζҡ��!EH���a0,X�+�;a=�(r�h��r���2�k5���,K��d�a��z��aL�:�.��y�X��~�ܹ0�&�Ơ�Ad΀E�½�N%Ӊ�� g�&����'�P)Y�Úb�C��b��� � ފ�%�"Ng�������O1X�^?�b24�`9�^g�΋-��^�Ţ�. endobj 0 292.2209 0 747.9469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/00182168-31.3.514. /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=State_of_affairs) >> % Page dictionary 0 ] 18 0 obj 0 ] 0 ] endobj 0 0 /Type /Annot >> 117.9469 21 0 obj 332.9529 /Subtype /Link endobj ISBN0-394-30215-X. This site uses cookies. 39 0 R ] << /A << /S /URI 0 << /Annots [ 2 0 R /Type /Action 0 ] << /A << /S /URI /Type /Action 55 0 obj << /A << /S /URI endobj 184.9469 /Border [ 0 /Resources << /Font 1 0 R stream << /A << /S /URI /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roman_roads) >> IN COLLECTIONS. 25 0 obj 0 ] 309.9469 ] /URI (http://straylight.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rules.htm) >> /Rotate 0 46 0 R /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asia_Journal_of_Theology) >> Understanding history; a primer of historical method by Gottschalk, Louis Reichenthal, 1899-1975. 7 0 R /ImageB endobj % 'Annot.NUMBER19': class PDFDictionary /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_R._Gottschalk) >> Problems of selection, arrangement, and emphasis -- Problems of cause, motive and influence -- Historian and the problems of the present. 33 0 R /Subtype /Link 604.9469 /Subtype /Link (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1950. xix + 290 + vi pp. % Page dictionary /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hypothesis) >> /Type /Action /Border [ 0 /Type /Annot >> % 'Annot.NUMBER27': class PDFDictionary 31 0 obj << /A << /S /URI 0 —Louis Gottschalk, Understanding History (1969) Featured Interviews Episcopal priest Father Canon Nelson Wardell Pinder from Miami, FL and his wife Marian Grant Pinder from Jacksonville met on the campus of Bethune Cookman University. 102.9469 ] 48 0 R �������_ T��wÀ|����F�#/ޡ��8�?�oztD���Bd��S#Gf�r�0�G�������L��_����s��P�L�ܟ�� -� �; _��f�%$��g�����.n�o�J��(#c�)�J~{˷ϣ�E��^�P[W������ 44 0 R /Subtype /Link /Rect [ 141.0029 /Contents 95 0 R 595.2756 % 'Annot.NUMBER14': class PDFDictionary 37 0 obj 0 0 ] /Type /Action Louis Gottschalk was born in Brooklyn on February 21, 1899, and received his early education at P.S. Tropical Ecology Kricher Pdf Creator. /Border [ 0 endobj /Type /Annot >> /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Proconsul) >> /Type /Action % 'Annot.NUMBER13': class PDFDictionary /Type /Action 0 ISBN0-394-30215-X. 485.9729 517.0929 0 /Text 297.1629 % Page dictionary 401.9321 x��{ix\ŕhս�J����ܾݭ�ԫzWk�V��fɒ%[^dY�e[������f!0@H� f���@ �$��@&LX_^$$C!`�ީ�'��~̓t�Nխ{�:��9u[#�T�8bQOw_4�L��#��50:52St��!���3zhN`;�'b�~r|fb*���gn��&��I�{�� Responsibility: Louis Gottschalk. /Type /Annot >> Publication date 1969 Topics Historiography Publisher New York : Knopf ... 14 day loan required to access EPUB and PDF files. 595.2756 % 'Annot.NUMBER22': class PDFDictionary /Rect [ 160.6149 595.2756 0 ] /Subtype /Link 0 << /Contents 101 0 R Does … endobj 4 0 obj endobj /Type /Annot >> /Trans << >> /Type /Annot >> 87.94685 % 'fontFile:/home/pp/local/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mwlib/fonts/freefont/FreeSerif.ttf(AAAAAA+FreeSerif)': class PDFStream << /Filter [ /FlateDecode ] /Type /Annot >> 0 By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to, About Hispanic American Historical Review, https://doi.org/10.1215/00182168-31.3.514, Primers and Poetry in Ancient China: Shenglü Fameng and Beyond, Paratextual Profusion: Photography and Text in Bertolt Brecht's War Primer. endobj /ImageI ] >> /Type /Page >> /Rect [ 282.7569 % 'Annot.NUMBER12': class PDFDictionary 715.9469 ] /Type /Annot >> % The standard fonts dictionary /Subtype /Link 0 29 0 obj /Type /Annot >> % 'Annot.NUMBER44': class PDFDictionary x�m��j�H�ὯB�fᜟ�RC0��Y��Йp��a"�Y��ǯ�� �,^Q*��Fgy�x�8�O����y�a���s=�͛>|���ia>l������yY�����Sy�v������v^|=��ç�������S����˯��\���.>�����>����j5l������_���u����ߏ}�˵��9l��q���zz�뫫�p=�բO�_�,R{��6���{����ܦ6��N�:�T']ԅ��J7u�G�HV�o�7���V}Kߩ��{�=��~8��o�M~�o�~�������7�&��7� ��o�M~�o�~�������7�&��7� ����]~���;~�������w�.��w�����]~���;~�������w�.��w���C�����?����?��!����C�����?����?��!��ʟ�S�ğ�'��?���?�O�)�O�ʟ�S�ğ�'��?���?�O�)�O����/��E����_���"�_�/������/��E����_���"�_�/�������W�U����_�W�+�*�_��������W�U����_�W�+�*�_�������o�7�M������7��&���o��� ���o�7�M������7��&���o��� �(�����#~��g���w��6���I�1Q�9��l�6��)w������O���=����gk�endstream Understanding History book. Etymological Meaning: History is from Greek and Latin word historia which means information; alearning or knowing by inquiry; narrative of past events, account, tale or story.2. Introduction: History as Reconstruction “Only a part of what is credible has been grasped, and only a part of what has been grasped can be expounded or narrated by the historian.” Louis Gottschalk, Understanding History 6 /Type /Action 245.8729 619.9469 ] /Subtype /Link 324.9469 /Subtype /Link If you're not a subscriber, you can: ... 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